Press "Enter" to skip to content

Ralph Nader: Letter to Senate Committee on Homeland Security regarding whole-body airport scanners

Ralph Nader at

Letter to Members of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
September 7, 2010

Members of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
United States Senate
Washington, DC 20510

Dear Senator,

We are writing to urge you and your colleagues on the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs to convene a public hearing to review the government’s deployment of whole-body scanners at passenger security checkpoints in US airports.

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Transportation Security Administration (TSA) have disregarded serious questions concerning the devices’ effectiveness, privacy safeguards and potential health impacts and have continued to purchase and install scanners at US airports. According to The New York Times, the TSA expects to install scanners at 2200 security checkpoints in 450 airports within two years. The tide of upset by the traveling public will only increase as their experience and knowledge about these machines increases.

Safety Issues:
Medical and science experts have registered their unease with the potential health risks associated with the backscatter X-ray scanner, which emits low doses of radiation. On April 6, 2010, a group of distinguished scientists at the University of California-San Francisco wrote to Dr. John Holdren, President Obama’s science adviser, urging a more rigorous review of this technology citing the absence of any real, independent safety data.

The letter noted that the media (and TSA) has misleadingly compared the backscatter’s radiation dose as equal to the exposure one gets from in-flight air travel. However, the scientists explain that while airplane flight exposure is a whole-body exposure, the backscatter technology targets the skin and adjacent tissue, and thus the real radiation dose to the skin is higher than stated.
The scientists cite potential harm to pregnant women, women genetically vulnerable to breast cancer and those with compromised immune systems.

Dr. David Brenner, director of Columbia University’s Center for Radiological Research, has cautioned using a technology that would expose millions of air travelers to radiation. Dr. Brenner was a member of the 2002 government panel that set radiation safety guidelines for the airport scanners. He now says he would not have signed the report if he had known that TSA planned to X-ray virtually every airline passenger.

Last month, three US Senators, including ranking minority committee member, Susan Collins, sent a letter to DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano and TSA Administrator John Pistole urging them to examine the health impacts of the backscatter scanner on air travelers and airport workers. The letter also asked why the agencies continued to buy and install these controversial devices when legitimate questions about their safety have already been brought to their attention and remain unanswered.

Civil Liberties Issues:
A broad coalition of privacy, civil liberties and religious groups object to body scanners arguing that they are uniquely intrusive and unreasonable and that they constitute an unconstitutional search. The Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) has sued the DHS to stop the deployment of scanners at airports. Moreover, although the TSA has said it will not retain images of scanned passengers, documents obtained by an EPIC FOIA revealed that the TSA required that scanners have the ability to store, record and transfer detailed images of naked air travelers.

Also, other documents obtained by EPIC as well as news reports, indicate that the TSA is not actually giving air travelers an alternative to the body scanners. Pregnant women, young children, those with strong religious beliefs, immunocompromised individuals, i.e. HIV and cancer patients, and others are routinely forced by the TSA to go through these devices.

Effectiveness Issues:
Many security experts have concluded that scanning devices can be easily defeated by concealing explosives in body cavities. A March 2010 GAO report concluded that it was unclear whether scanning devices would have detected the explosives hidden in the underwear of a man who tried to blow up a Detroit-bound airplane last Christmas.

The TSA has made costly errors in the past concerning new security technologies. The “puffer” security devices were canceled at a cost of $30 million after the TSA concluded that they were unreliable. Aren’t there lessons for the TSA and Congress from that costly and inconvenient experiment?

The potential harm to public health, risks to our civil liberties and questionable effectiveness of whole-body scanners require that the Homeland Security Committee hold rigorous hearings to review these issues.


Ralph Nader
POB 19312
Washington, DC 20036

Marc Rotenberg, Executive Director
1718 Connecticut Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20009

About Post Author


  1. Jill Pyeatt Jill Pyeatt November 16, 2010

    Hahaha, good point, Paulie!

  2. paulie paulie November 16, 2010

    Come to think of it, all men, too.

    If they can’t pat down your burqa, how do they know what you’re tucking?

  3. paulie paulie November 16, 2010

    @ facebook…..

    Eddie Bear Jill,
    Read this article about Muslim women.

    Jill Stone Pyeatt That is an interesting article, but is TSA really honoing it? I guess that remains to be seen.

    Paulie Cannoli If they are, all women should start wearing burqas to the airport…how do they know what your religion is? If this whole thing wasn’t so outrageous, it would be funny.

  4. Michael H. Wilson Michael H. Wilson November 16, 2010

    Libertarian Professor Miron gives us the real story.

    “We added the new scanners because a profit-seeking company and its lobbyist persuaded TSA to shell out big bucks to buy them. Guess who works for the consulting company? Michael Chertoff, former head of Homeland Security, who hyped the “benefits” of these scanners when he was in office. “

  5. Michelle Michelle September 9, 2010

    Finally! Maybe some progress on getting rid of these invasions and health hazards.

  6. Wimpie Wimpie September 9, 2010

    “Advanced Imaging Technology” is a euphemism created to make people think they are getting “scanned.” No one is getting “scanned” — they are getting strip searched.

    The fundamental privacy issue is whether our government has the right to make strip searches routine and mandatory.

    There is no question that these machines violate the 4th Amendment.

    There are also health issues. Researchers are already coming out saying that the machines aren’t safe and could cause cancer.

    Please check out the brochure at:

    and join us on Facebook
    All Facebook Against Airport Full Body Scanners

    and join in on
    Organized resistance to WBI/invasive patdowns


  7. Catholic Trotskyist Catholic Trotskyist September 9, 2010

    What could Kavlan’s good news be? That he’s abandoned the so-called Open Progressive Strategy in favor of a strategy that could actually win, like PLAS or the Fringe Alliance Strategy? Perish the thought! Not that anyone could defeat GOD’S ANOINTED SERVANT, THE ISLAMIC TROTSKYIST BROTHER KEITH ELLISON, WHOM I HAVE PERSONALLY MET AND BLESSED IN THE CITY OF WALNUT CREEK, CALIFORNIA, IN OCTOBER 2009. Or has he perhaps woken up to the conspiracy on which Ralph Nader, Wayne Root and Mark Seidenberg scourgeth the world, provoking God’s wrath against our terror society? Even Fidel Castro gets this.


    Wed Sep 8, 11:30 am ET

    On a Thursday night in August, some 750 people crammed into a high school auditorium in Minneapolis to discuss the future of the Internet.

    When you boot up your browser, any website you want to visit is allowed to load at the same speed.

    That’s because Internet service providers have so far (with a few exceptions) hewed to the principles of Net neutrality, which prevent them from favoring some kinds of content over others.

    But as demand for broadband grows and mobile devices like the iPhone and Blackberry become ubiquitous, telecommunications giants like Verizon, Comcast and AT&T – who have spent hundreds of billions of dollars laying the pipes through which data travels to your computer – are eager to refine their business models.

    One way they could do this is by ditching flat–rate access fees and installing virtual tollbooths that would let customers pay for access to faster speeds or subscription content, much as cable providers ask you to fork over extra for channels like HBO.

  9. Michael Cavlan RN Michael Cavlan RN September 9, 2010


    Good news coming to IPR.

    Just working on the Press Release.

    I promise that IPR will get it before anyone else.

Comments are closed.