Dr. Benjamin Spock, the famous pediatrician and antiwar activist, was nominated for the presidency by the People’s Party on July 29, 1972.
Organized around opposition to the Vietnam War and originally co-chaired by novelist Gore Vidal and Spock himself, the People’s Party was a loose coalition of state and local parties, including California’s Peace & Freedom Party and Zolton Ferency’s Human Rights Party in Michigan, a party that enjoyed considerable electoral success in Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti.
The 69-year-old Spock, who had been actively campaigning for more than eight months, acknowledged that he had no chance of winning the presidency. “But that’s not our purpose,” he told the more than 100 delegates attending the party’s national convention at the Gateway Hotel in St. Louis. “We’re out to build a grassroots movement.”
Spock, who had been chosen as the left-wing party’s “provisional” candidate for president at an organizing convention in Dallas the previous November, was joined on the People’s Party ticket by 50-year-old Julius Hobson, a civil rights activist and former member of the Washington, D.C., Board of Education.
Spock’s nomination — or ratification, to be more precise — was briefly covered that Sunday night on the CBS Evening News.
Waging a particularly frugal campaign that included carrying his own luggage at airports and staying at the homes of supporters, the wealthy baby doctor was provided Secret Service protection during the autumn campaign. Working in shifts, some 25 agents watched over him day and night.
Maintaining throughout the campaign that he was more interested in building a radical independent political movement at the local level than in winning votes, Spock conceded that he wasn’t going to poll any significant number of votes against President Nixon and Democratic challenger George McGovern. “They’re just trying to win office,” the dissident candidate said of his major-party rivals. “We’re trying to save the country.”
Spock, who campaigned in 36 states and the District of Columbia during his long-shot quest for the Oval Office, appeared on the ballot in ten states that autumn. He and his running mate polled nearly 79,000 votes nationally, including 55,167 votes on the Peace & Freedom line in California.