Twitter mapmaker @Mill226 recently created a set of county-by-county maps to chart the best showings of third party and independent presidential candidates over the past half-century. He’s graciously allowing us to republish some of his maps here on IPR. If you find these kinds of visualizations interesting, you should definitely follow him on Twitter.
In the first map, George Wallace’s 1968 campaign on the segregationist American Independent Party line essentially dominates the Southeast, while Ross Perot’s 1992 campaign rules everywhere else.
Of note are a few pockets of deep support for Gary Johnson and Evan McMullin in 2016. Johnson polled into double-digits in much of his home turf of northern New Mexico. McMullin’s highly concentrated support among Mormon voters saw him win nearly 30% in several Utah counties.
Perhaps the most unusual feature is a single purple dot in Iowa, representing Natural Law Party candidate John Haeglin‘s 1992 campaign. Jefferson County is the headquarters of what was then known as the Maharishi University of Management, a center of the Transcendental Meditation movement and headquarters of the Natural Law Party. Hagelin polled more than 20% there.
When Ross Perot’s 1992 campaign is removed from the equation, things look a bit more interesting. McMullin and Johnson expand their bases, and new candidates join the mix like John Schmitz (1972) and Ed Clark (1980).
This map also shows a scattering of Nader hot spots around college towns in places like Colorado and California. Nader won 10.4% of the vote in Travis County, Texas (Austin).
This interesting map compares the 1980 campaign of John B. Anderson and the 2000 campaign of Ralph Nader:
So as I said at the start of this post, if these sorts of maps are your thing consider following @Mill226 on Twitter, there’s much more to explore: