The Iowa GOP caucus has been won by Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas. Cruz was endorsed by 2008 LP nominee Bob Barr, as part of his outreach effort to lowercase-l libertarians that merited a mention in Cruz’s victory speech. Second place went to Donald Trump, who in 2000 briefly sought the nomination of the Reform Party and has in the past identified as an independent. He has also been endorsed by 2012 Constitution Party nominee Virgil Goode. In 5th place with 4.5% is Sen. Rand Paul, who worked on his father’s 1988 campaign as the LP presidential nominee and campaigned with Ron Paul in the final days before the caucus. Paul’s 2016 candidacy has also been endorsed by 2008 Constitution Party nominee Chuck Baldwin.
The Democratic result remains too close to call, with Hillary Clinton having an extremely narrow lead over Bernie Sanders. Sanders started his career in politics with several third-party runs under the Liberty Union banner in Vermont, and later was heavily involved in the founding of the VT Progressive Party, though never formally joining. He has always been elected with an “Independent” ballot label, albeit with the support of Vermont Democrats. He continues to self-describe as an Independent while seeking the Democratic nomination.