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MAPPED: Support for Third Party and Independent Presidential Candidates in 2000 by County

Twitter mapmaker @Mill226 recently created a set of county-by-county maps to chart the best showings of third party and independent presidential candidates over the past half-century. He’s graciously allowing us to republish some of his maps here on IPR. If you find these kinds of visualizations interesting, you should definitely follow him on Twitter.

Today we’re highlighting some new maps that focus exclusively on the 2016 presidential election, with 2 versions of the map.

Want to see the 2020 maps? CLICK HERE!

The first map highlights which third party or independent candidates finished finished best by county nationwide. As you might expect, Ralph Nader dominates in every state where he has ballot access, with the exception of North Dakota which was Reform Party candidate Pat Buchanan’s best state. Nader drew thousands of a votes and finished third statewide as a write-in candidate in Idaho, Wyoming and Indiana.

The Natural Law Party’s John Hagelin won nearly 15% of the vote in Jefferson County, Iowa, the headquarters of the Transcendental Meditation movement in the United States.

When Ralph Nader’s votes are removed, we see a more mixed picture in which Buchanan and Harry Browne split. In general, Buchanan fares better in the more conservative and rural areas and Browne scores higher in the cities:

As always, we thank friend of IPR @Mill226 for preparing these highly interesting maps and allowing us to share them with our readership. Please consider giving him a follow on Twitter and checking out some of his other work:

About Post Author

Austin Cassidy


  1. Richard Winger Richard Winger February 13, 2022

    Nader wasn’t on the ballot in Oklahoma, Georgia, North Carolina, Indiana, Idaho, Wyoming, and South Dakota. The problem with maps like these is differing ballot access status for the candidates that are being compared with each other.

  2. Austin Cassidy Austin Cassidy Post author | February 12, 2022

    Interesting to note that Hagelin was on the Independence Party line in New York, which is probably why he performed relatively strongly there. NYS accounted for more than 1/4th of his national vote total and he handily outpaced Harry Browne in the state.

    This was 2000, between the 1998 and 2002 gubernatorial campaigns of Tom Golisano on the Independence line… Golisano won 7.7% (98) and 14.2% (02)

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